Dermatologist examining male patient skin

Skin Cancer: Causes and Treatment

Do you know that skin cancer is becoming prevalent? According to the Skin Cancer Foundation, approximately 5.5 million individuals in the United States have skin malignancy. The U.S. is the country with the highest incidence rate of skin cancer. With that in mind, the Department of Health recommends early consultation with a dermatologist. Doing so will help you receive immediate skin cancer treatment in Salem.

What Is Skin Cancer?

Skin cancer is a disease that causes the abnormal proliferation of skin cells, especially in areas exposed to sunlight. Even though this disease has different types, chronic sun exposure remains the primary predisposing factor in developing skin cancer. The three forms of skin cancer are squamous cell carcinoma, malignant melanoma, and basal cell carcinoma.

What Are the Symptoms of Skin Cancer?

Skin cancer has several manifestations based on the type of malignancy. Symptoms of basal cell carcinoma include a flat, dark-colored lump in sun-exposed areas. Squamous cell carcinoma results in firm, large, and dark nodules in areas not often exposed to UV light. Malignant melanoma, which has the worst outcome among the three types, causes lesions with irregular borders and colors.

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How Is Skin Cancer Managed?

If you notice a suspicious mass on your skin, it is crucial to visit a dermatologist right away. A biopsy of the lesion can be done to confirm or rule out skin malignancy. Further treatment through excision, Mohs surgery, radiation, and photodynamic therapy can be performed based on the location and depth of the lesion.

Studies show that early treatment is the most critical factor that contributes to the better outcome of skin malignancy. Thus, it is crucial to visit a dermatologist who offers effective treatments for skin cancer.